The following table lists the largest islands of New Zealand by size. New Zealand consists of many islands, estimated around six hundred, … [18] Many residents in and around the hillside suburb of Sumner self-evacuated. If it’s city living you’re in the market for when you move to New Zealand, the largest and most diverse city on New Zealand’s South Island is Christchurch. Choose to explore just one region, or road trip from Picton all the way down to Bluff. [29], The Canterbury region's economy is diversified into agriculture, industry, fishing, forestry, tourism and energy resources such as coal and hydroelectricity. [12] The total insurance costs of this event were estimated to reach up to $11 billion according to the New Zealand Treasury.[13][14]. Area 58,776 square miles (152,229 square km). November 26, 2018 chemins de fer, Île du Sud, New Zealand, public transport, rail transport, train, transports. It reopened at 1:30 pm following inspection of the main runway. In contrast to Christchurch, much of the surrounding Canterbury region is dominated by the National Party due to its ties to rural farming and business interests. Home → Oceania → New Zealand → South Island. However Kaikoura remains part of Marlborough in the minds of many people. There was only one death recorded following the quake; however there were many injuries. The UN estimates the July 1, … It was centred just to the north of Lyttelton, 10 kilometres south east of Christchurch, at a depth of 5 km. Close to 75% of the population live in the North Island, 25% in the South Island. Following the local government reform of 1989, Kaikoura District was part of the Nelson-Marlborough Region. This, along with the strength of the quakes, and the proximity to the city centre resulted in 181 deaths.[17]. New Zealand has 0 cities with more than a million people, 10 cities with between 100,000 and 1 million people, and 33 cities with between 10,000 and … On 13 June 2011 at about 1:00 pm New Zealand time, Christchurch was again rocked by a magnitude 5.7 quake, followed by a magnitude 6.3 quake (initially thought to be 6.0) at 2:20 pm, centred in a similar location to that of the February quake with a depth of 6.0 kilometres. The South Island is sometimes informally referred to as the "mainland",[4] especially by its residents, because it is somewhat larger, albeit with a smaller population. Christchurch International Airport was closed following the earthquake and flights in and out of it cancelled. Phone lines and power were lost in some suburbs, and liquefaction surfaced mainly in the eastern areas of the city which were worst affected following the aftershocks. Of the total population, 109,164 people (18.2%) were aged up to 15 years, 121,833 (20.3%) were 15 to 29, 272,718 (45.5%) were 30 to 64, and 95,982 (16.0%) were 65 or older. The city’s name comes from a Scottish name for Edinburgh, the capital of Scotland. Queenstown is known as New Zealand’s adventure capital. [3] The islands are separated by Cook Strait. Population estimates for 2018 and later are based on the results of the 2018 census. Canterbury was the location used in the filming The Lord of the Rings for the fictional city of Edoras, Rohan, on Mount Sunday, as well as Helm's deep backdrop, several miles down the valley. Population Density: 14 persons per square kilometre (very small compared to UK with 240, Germany 230 and Japan 330 persons per square km) 18. Others host visitors for science, conservation, meteorological observation and tourism. [24], In the 2013 census, just under 20 percent of Canterbury's population was born overseas, compared to 25 percent for New Zealand as a whole. South Island was sighted by the Dutch navigator Abel Janszoon Tasman in 1642. Name Status Population Estimate 1996-06-30 Population Estimate 2001-06-30 Population Estimate 2006-06-30 Population Estimate 2013-06-30 Population Estimate 2018-06-30 Population … By the 19th century, only ten percent of this forest cover remained and the European settlers introduced several new exotic grass, lupin, pine and macrocarpa that gradually supplanted the native vegetation. The region is home the Crusaders who play in the Super Rugby competition. Although the island has several large urban areas—including Christchurch, Dunedin, and Invercargill, all coastal—its population has grown less rapidly than that of North Island. The road to Mount Cook. There were 299,397 males and 300,297 females, giving a sex ratio of 1.0 males per female. Pop. A local state of emergency was declared at 10:16 am on 4 September for the city, and evacuations of parts were planned to begin later in the day. The Canterbury Region is covered by ten general electorates and one Māori electorate. The large Kaikōura electorate covers all of the Marlborough Region and northern Canterbury and is represented by National MP Stuart Smith. Fertility in New Zealand. River delta islands such as Rakaia Island (25.7 km2 (9.9 sq mi)),[5] Fereday Island, Rangitata Island, and Inch Clutha (approximately 15 km2 (5.8 sq mi), 30 km2 (12 sq mi), and 35 km2 (14 sq mi) respectively) are also omitted, as are temporary islands in braided river channels and tidal islands such as Rabbit Island, Nelson (17 km2 (6.6 sq mi)). The Crusaders also represent other provinces in the upper South Island but are based in Christchurch. On 1 March at 12:51, a week after the tragedy, New Zealand observed a two-minute silence. Timaru's Richard Pearse Airport serves South Canterbury with daily flights to Wellington. The Canterbury Province was formed in 1853 following the passing of the New Zealand Constitution Act 1852. The New Zealand Subantarctic Islands are designated as a World Heritage Site. It is currently held by Labour Party MP Rino Tirikatene. [5] The earthquake occurred at a depth of 10 kilometres (6.2 mi), and there were no fatalities. [31] Recently there have been vintages from plantings from Kurow further to the south. The median income was $33,700. The Canterbury mudfish (kowaro) is an endangered species that is monitored by the Department of Conservation.[34]. Source: Wikipedia . HMNZS Canterbury, which was docked at Lyttelton when the quake struck, was involved in providing local community assistance, in particular by providing hot meals. Sewers were damaged, gas and water lines were broken, and power to up to 75% of the city was disrupted. From wildlife to wineries, glacial valleys to star-filled skies, the South Island offers adventure in all its forms. Dunedin is the second-largest city in the South Island of New Zealand. 63 aftershocks were also reported in the first 48 hours with three registering 5.2 magnitude. Creator and editor of PopulationData.net. Statistics New Zealand estimates the population of Canterbury is 645,900 as of June 2020. Perfect for: Thrill seekers and outdoor enthusiasts. The area includes ten territorial authorities, including Christchurch City Council and part of the Waitaki District, the other part of which is in Otago. The Port Hills, Wigram, Christchurch Central, and Christchurch East electorates are currently held by the governing Labour Party members Ruth Dyson, Megan Woods, Duncan Webb, and Poto Williams respectively. Pinot noir has had some success in the province particularly in Waipara. In 1848, Edward Gibbon Wakefield, a Briton, and John Robert Godley, an Anglo-Irish aristocrat, founded the Canterbury Association to establish an Anglican colony in the South Island. The city of Christchurch as a whole consists of five of these electorates, while the electorate of Waimakariri contains a mix of Christchurch and exurban Canterbury. The regional GDP per capita was estimated at $60,101 in the same period. Dozens of aftershocks occurred over the following days, including several over magnitude 4. Regional Council Area in South Island. All schools were closed until 8 September so they could be checked. Thousands of people took up this offer to relocate temporarily in the wake of the event. Figures may not add up to the total due to rounding. It was formed from part of New Munster Province and covered the middle part of the South Island, stretching from the east coast to the west coast. On New Zealand's South Island, the largest city is Christchurch, with a population of around 400,000 residents, making it the third-largest city in the country. Countries: New Zealand; Graeme Villeret. New Zealand administers the following islands outside the main archipelago. With so many agricultural businesses, there is especially room for development and innovation in products for this sector, as well as construction and engineering as a result of the 2011 Christchurch earthquake. Teams were provided by Australia, United States, Singapore, Britain, Taiwan, Japan and China. Kaikoura was too small to function as an independent unitary authority and was moved under the jurisdiction of the Canterbury Regional Council in 1992. The population development of Southland. The Air New Zealand CEO increased the domestic airline traffic from Christchurch to Wellington and Auckland. In the seven years between the 2006 and 2013 censuses, the population of New Zealand increased by 214,000 to 4.24 million. With a population of about 10,000 people and is located at the mouth of the Grey River. Greymouth - Greymouth is the largest town on the West Coast of New Zealand. [15] The province was abolished, along with other provinces of New Zealand, when the Abolition of the Provinces Act came into force on 1 Nov 1876. [26][27], Anglicanism is the largest Christian denomination in Canterbury with 14.8 percent affiliating, while Catholicism is the second-largest with 12.7 percent affiliating. On the South Island, the biggest airport is … People may identify with more than one ethnicity. Voted the 'best travel destination' by … Forest fires destroyed much of the original forest cover which was succeeded by tussock grassland. Christchurch - Christchurch City is the largest city in the South Island … Accueil. After inspection, the runway at Christchurch Airport was found to be in good order. They were formerly known as the Canterbury Crusaders. The country has a temperate and mild maritime climate. [3] In April 1850, a preliminary group led by Godley landed at Port Cooper—modern-day Lyttelton Harbour—and established a port, housing and shops in preparation for the main body of settlers. Canterbury (Māori: Waitaha) is a region of New Zealand, located in the central-eastern South Island. In December 1850, the first wave of 750 settlers arrived at Lyttelton in a fleet of four ships.[3]. There were 225,408 households. Water use is now becoming a contentious issue in Canterbury. The census usually resident population count of New Zealand is a count of all people who usually live, and are present, in New Zealand on a given census night. [31] The strength of the region's agricultural economy is displayed every November at the Canterbury A&P Show. [27], The subnational gross domestic product (GDP) of Canterbury was estimated at NZ$37.51 billion in the year to March 2019, 12.4% of New Zealand's national GDP. The legal drinking age is 18 years . [35] The Christchurch High Court also hosts a divisional court of the Court of Appeal. Due to ties to the University of Oxford, the Canterbury Association succeeded in raising sufficient funds and recruiting middle-class and upper-class settlers. Many buildings and landmarks were severely damaged, including the iconic Shag Rock and Christchurch Cathedral. The percentage of people born overseas was 23.2, compared with 27.1% nationally. The amount of dairy farming is increasing with a corresponding increase in demand for water. Since they were highly valued by settlers for their meat and wool, there were over half a million sheep in the region by the early 1850s. This is considered the ‘most English’ city in the country due to its climate, friendly people, and the fact that it’s more similar to a small town than a … Vous êtes ici. These two islands are separated by a body of water known as the Cook Strait, with its narrowest … Both Little Blue penguins and Yellow-eyed penguins live on the predator-free island… New Zealand’s landmass covers an area of 267,710 square kilometres (103,363sq mi). In provincial rugby Canterbury is represented by three unions; Canterbury, Mid Canterbury and South Canterbury. Canterbury Region had a population of 599,694 at the 2018 New Zealand census, an increase of 60,261 people (11.2%) since the 2013 census, and an increase of 77,862 people (14.9%) since the 2006 census. This count excludes visitors from overseas and excludes residents who are temporarily overseas on census night. [11], The earthquake was reported to have caused widespread damage and power outages. Regional Council Area. The region in its current form was established in 1989 during nationwide local government reforms. The British Isles remains the largest region of origin, accounting for 36.5 percent of the overseas-born population in Canterbury. These urban areas are statistical conceptions and not … Other sporting teams include the Mainland Tactix (netball), Canterbury United FC (football) and Canterbury Rams (basketball). monitoring in New Zealand Three population estimation methods compared for a known South Island robin population in Fiordland, New Zealand Terry C. Greene* and Moira A. Pryde Department of Conservation, PO Box 11089, Christchurch 8443, New Zealand *Author for correspondence (Email: tgreene@doc.govt.nz) … Wellington, too, has a large airport that handles a lot of domestic and international flights. Other major towns and cities include Timaru, Ashburton, Rangiora and Rolleston. From a minimum of about one percent of its original forest cover in circa 1900, the amount of forest on Banks Peninsula has increased. Rangitata and Selwyn are held by National MPs Jo Goodhew and Amy Adams while Waitaki is represented by Jacqui Dean. In contrast to the September 2010 quake, the February 2011 earthquake struck on a busy weekday afternoon. Much of the native vegetation was isolated to the alpine zones and Banks Peninsula. You don’t have to be an experienced hiker to discover New Zealand’s wilderness areas., Christchurch - Canterbury De Miles Holden. Prior to the arrival of Māori settlers in the 13th century, much of the modern Canterbury region was covered in scrub and beech forests. (2006) 967,908; … The North Island, also officially named Te Ika-a-Māui, is one of the two main islands of New Zealand, separated from the larger but much less populous South Island by the Cook Strait.The island's area is 113,729 square kilometres (43,911 sq mi), making it the world's 14th-largest island.It has a population of 3,896,200 … [8] People inside the Christchurch city centre were evacuated, and the city's central business district remained closed until 5 September. [19], Further damage was reported to buildings inside the cordoned central business district, with an estimate of 75 additional buildings needing demolition. South Island (Te Waipounamu) Island: 921,100: 935,400: 998,800: … The region covers an area of 44,508 square kilometres (17,185 sq mi), and is home to a population of 645,900 (June 2020).[1]. Canterbury has two universities: the University of Canterbury located in western Christchurch, and Lincoln University located in Lincoln. De la … You can go hiking or biking in the summer and hit the slopes for snowboarding … As of 2002, the region produced 60.7% of the nation's supply of wheat, 51.1% of its barley stocks and 43.7% of its supply of oats. [9] A curfew from 7 pm on 4 September to 7 am on 5 September was put in place. The colony was based upon theories developed by Wakefield while in prison for eloping with a woman not-of-age. Many travelers fly into Christchurch and then explore the South Island. New Zealand Journal of Ecology (2000) 24(1): 31-38 ©New Zealand Ecological Society Distribution and diet of chamois (Rupicapra rupicapra) in Westland forests, South Island, New Zealand Ivor J. Yockney1,* and Graham J. Hicklingı ıEcology and Entomology Group, P.O. 62 per cent of the total New Zealand population, was enumerated in the 18 urban areas. 2,000 local manufacturing companies employ 23,000 workers, contributing an estimated $2.2 billion NZD to the national GDP.[33]. The New Zealand is formed up by the two islands: mainly the North Island and the South Island, which are separated by the Cook Strait by 22 km. The country's largest island within a lake, Pomona Island, has an area of just 2.6 km2 (1.0 sq mi).[6]. Around 13 percent of students attend state-integrated schools and 5 percent attend private schools, with the remaining 82 percent attending state schools.[36]. North Island (New Zealand): Regions & Settlements with population statistics, charts and maps. Canterbury is served by 292 primary and secondary schools educating around 94,000 students from ages 5 to 18. This data has … As of 1 January 2021, the population of New Zealand was estimated to be 4,837,191 people. Geography of New Zealand : official name, capital, main cities in New Zealand, area (267,710.00 km²), climate (The latitude of New Zealand corresponds closely to that of Italy in the Northern Hemisphere. The region covers an area of 44,508 square kilometres, and is home to a population of 645,900. [31], Canterbury has 25,065 hectares of horticultural land, the largest area in New Zealand. Only the Chatham Islands have a permanent population although others also did in the past. The following is a list of islands of New Zealand. Christchurch residents reported chimneys falling in through roofs, cracked ceilings and collapsed brick walls. The Central Plains Water scheme is a proposal for water storage that has attracted much controversy. Around a quarter of Canterbury's overseas-born population at the 2013 Census had been living in New Zealand for less than five years, and 11 percent had been living in New Zealand for less than two years (i.e. The show coincides with the regional anniversary day and Cup Week. However, in general practice, the "mainland" refers to the North Island and South Island collectively, in contrast with the smaller offshore islands. Each of the two larger main islands – where most of the population lives – has two official names, in English and in the Māori language. Stewart Island or Rakiura, in the south, is the largest of the smaller islands, although Waiheke Island in the urban Auckland Region has the largest population of the smaller islands. Regular flights operate from Christchurch to most major centres in New Zealand, as well as Australia, the Pacific Islands and eastern Asia. Data calculation/treatment . The largest crops are potatoes (4,330 ha), peas and beans (2,700 ha), wine grapes (1,770 ha), berries (1,100 ha), and onions (1,000 ha). With a population of 104,500, it is also the seventh-most populous city in the entire country. Box 84, Lincoln University, New Zealand New Zealand consists of many islands, estimated around six hundred,[1] mainly remnants of a larger land mass now beneath the sea. New Zealand’s South Island hosts the purest natural landscapes you’ll ever experience. These islands are all in harbours or the open sea. State Highway 1 runs the length of Canterbury, connecting north to Blenheim and the Cook Strait ferry terminal at Picton and south to Oamaru, Dunedin and Invercargill. Christchurch International Airport, located in Harewood on the northwest outskirts of Christchurch, is the region's main airport. New Zealand's third-largest city (population 400,000) is the biggest on the South Island and has the second-busiest airport in the country. White wine has typically predominated in Canterbury from Riesling, Sauvignon blanc, Chardonnay, Gewürztraminer, and to a lesser extent Pinot blanc and Pinot gris. receptor (TLR) loci of three New Zealand South Island saddleback (Philesturnus carunculatus) populations: Big Island, Kaimohu Island and Motuara Island. New Zealand – South Island: trains. South Island. That region was later abolished and replaced with three unitary authorities. For example, the North Island has 4 of New Zealand's 7 international airports, including the one in Auckland, which handles most of the country's arrivals. [2] Various Māori iwi sometimes use different names, with some preferring to call the South Island Te Waka o Aoraki. Both Christchurch and Timaru have single-sex state secondary schools. In the year to March 2018, primary industries contributed $2.99 billion (8.3%) to the regional GDP, goods-producing industries contributed $8.36 billion (23.1%), service industries contributed $21.73 billion (60.0%), and taxes and duties contributed $3.10 billion (8.6%). The area administered by the Canterbury Regional Council consists of all the river catchments on the east coast of the South Island from that of the Clarence River, north of Kaikoura, to that of the Waitaki River, in South Canterbury. 19. Due to the demand of citizens wishing to leave the city, the national airline Air New Zealand, offered a $50 Domestic Standby airfare. The country's tallest island within a lake, Pomona Island, rises to 511 metres (1,677 ft) above sea level, which is about 333 metres (1,093 ft) above Lake Manapouri's normal lake level. South Island; Population: ±15,800 (June 2018) Climate: Long, warm days in summer with cold winters and frequent snowfall. Destinations. A Total Fertility Rate (TFR) of 2.1 represents the Replacement-Level Fertility: the average number of children per woman needed for each generation to exactly replace itself without needing international immigration.A value below 2.1 will cause the native population to decline Since then, wine-growing is concentrated into two regions: Waipara and Burnham. However, its isolation from other land masses and exposure to cold southerly winds and ocean currents gives the … Christchurch, the South Island's largest city and the country's second-largest urban area, is the seat of the region and home to 59 percent of the region's population. Local attractions include Lake Brunner and the nearby Pancake Rocks at Punakaiki. Like much of the Canterbury-Otago tussock grasslands the Canterbury Plains have been highly modified since human settlement and now support a large agricultural industry. An earthquake with magnitude 7.1 occurred in the South Island of New Zealand at Saturday 04:35 am local time, 4 September 2010 (16:35 UTC, 3 September 2010). Novelist. Lacs d'Ashburton, Christchurch - Canterbury De Sergio Del Rosso. Canterbury is a region of New Zealand, located in the central-eastern South Island. Name Status Population Estimate 1996-06-30 Population Estimate 2001-06-30 Population Estimate 2006-06-30 Population Estimate 2013-06-30 Population Estimate 2018-06-30 Population … The Royal New Zealand Navy was involved immediately. Regional Council Area. Lowland rivers and streams are generally polluted and some of the aquifers are being overdrawn. Mainland New Zealand is considered as the North Island and South Island, New Zealand’s two largest islands. The current population of New Zealand is 4,844,593, based on projections of the latest United Nations data. This event promptly resulted in the declaration of New Zealand's first National State of Emergency. The population development of Canterbury. Canterbury was traditionally bounded in the north by the Conway River, to the west by the Southern Alps, and to the south by the Waitaki River. Demographics of New Zealand 2020. The area is commonly divided into North Canterbury (north of the Rakaia River to the Conway River), Mid Canterbury (from the Rakaia River to the Rangitata River), South Canterbury (south of the Rangitata River to the Waitaki River) and Christchurch City. Canterbury is also New Zealand's main producer of cereal crops such as wheat, barley and oats. The Canterbury Kings are Canterbury's cricket team in New Zealand's State Championship. The region is home to 12.7% of New Zealand's population.[1]. The epicentre was located 40 kilometres (25 mi) west of Christchurch; 10 kilometres (6.2 mi) south-east of Darfield;[6] 190 kilometres (120 mi) south-southeast of Westport; 295 kilometres (183 mi) south-west of Wellington; and 320 kilometres (200 mi) north-northeast of Dunedin. New Zealand. Southland. In the 2018 census, 82.4% were European/Pākehā, 9.4% Māori, 3.2% Pacific peoples, 11.1% Asian, and 2.6% other ethnicities. In 2006, the Banks Peninsula District was merged into Christchurch City following a 2005 referendum. 25,065 hectares of horticultural land, the earthquake was reported to have caused widespread damage and power up. Mechanization, lime and the city 's Central business District remained closed until 8 September so could... Constitution Act 1852 while in prison for eloping with a population of Zealand... 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