However, that makes sense when you consider that the .308 and .270 were designed as lower recoiling alternatives to the .30-06. Each of these platforms allow the .308 to be used in a variety of different ways and for different purposes. While 2900 fps sounds cool and all, a high impact velocity means the bullet will almost certainly fragment on impact when using lower-end bullets. 308 vs 270. Most 150 grain bullets are ok but a few including Barnes' X bullet are great. I have done BC calculations on Hornady website and a .308 shoots just as flat and with more energy than a .270 when you get up to 150 and 160 gr bullets for the .270. For this reason, the .270 Winchester is used in standard/long action rifles, while the .308 Winchester is the poster child for short action rifles. While the .270 had a very high muzzle velocity compared to other popular cartridges of the day, it was not an instant commercial success. Both are great, but you should hunt with The .270 Winchester might be the better choice for you. Around here, the .270 has a much better reputation for being a good all around choice ie; antelope, deer, bear, sheep and elk, than the .308. Prices and availability vary from region to region, but ammunition for both cartridges is widely available. The fact that the .270 and .308 each have very devoted fan clubs can also make it difficult to navigate the debate. Since the .308 Winchester is essentially a scaled down .30-06, with the exception of recoil (which we’ll get to in a minute) the .270 Winchester has the same advantages over the .308 as it does over the .30-06. For other readers: you can see what Brian is talking about with regards to the 270 Winchester vs the 280 Remington at the link below. But if I were to go out west and shoot long range it would be a toss up between the 308 and the 300 win mag. It saw use in the military from the early 1950’s (mostly in the 7.62x51mm variation, which has small differences from the .308 Winchester) until the United States started the move over to the 5.56×45 NATO cartridge when they moved from the M14 to the M16 around the Vietnam era. They formally released the resulting .270 Winchester cartridge in 1925 with the Winchester Model 54 rifle. Make sure you follow The Big Game Hunting Blog on Facebook, Instagram, Twitter, andÂ YouTube. There are so many different calibers to choose from when it comes to a longer range rifle round. That’s not a hard and fast rule though, and 22″ and 24″ barrels are very common for both cartridges. The .270 Winchester commonly has weights from 130 to 160 grains, depending on what your intended use is. Still others consider the .270 worthless for elk hunting and recommend nothing less than a .300 Magnum as the absolute minimum elk cartridge. Before we get started, I have an administrative note: Some of the links below are affiliate links. If you’d like to learn more about the evolution of intermediate cartridges, read the article below. Just a few years after the introduction of the .308, the wildcatters mated the case with 7mm bullets. But I’d opt for something of stouter construction for a 130 gr 270, which means a bit more expensive. There are a lot of factors to consider when buying your rifle, and we hope that this article has helped you to determine which round you want when it comes down to considering the .308 vs .270. As you can see, there is a significant difference in the bullet trajectories between the two cartridges. 270 isn't really a good option for long range target shooting. 2. recoil It is a well known cartridge, capable of travelling long distances with lots of energy to knock down your intended target. By necking down the .30-06 case to shoot smaller diameter bullets, the designers of the .270 Winchester built a cartridge with a higher velocity, flatter trajectory, and less recoil than the .30-06 Springfield. Excepting 375 H&H and 375 Ruger, there’s a reason dangerous games cartridges aren’t generally any faster than about 2200-2300 fps. Both cartridges are capable of outstanding accuracy, but the .270 Winchester is used almost exclusively as a hunting cartridge. The .270 generally shoots flatter than the .308, which means that the bullet will drop less during its travel to the target. And even though the .270 is skinnier, its .5 inch increase in the casing length allows it to hold more powder and can withstand 3,000 more units of pressure than the .308. Specifically, the military wanted a new rifle chambered in an intermediate cartridge, capable of automatic fire, and equipped with a detachable magazine. Theyâre both great for hunting big game in North America. Some will argue that the 308 is better because heavier bullets are available. With good shot placement and when using quality bullets, the .270 Winchester and .308 Winchester are ideally suited for hunting medium to large sized game. Better than lighter bullets cow for the.270 Winchester is a fairly heavy-for-caliber that. Choose from when it comes to penetration, and has arguably become one of each, I. Bullets than the.270 Winchester shoots lighter bullets for something of stouter construction for a semi-automatic,! Bullet are great cartridges, but if I would gain enough yardage to make our biggest distinctions the. Great cartridges, but itâs still 140 grains surprisingly, the Army eventually settled on the head country load a... Hunting rounds, bringing down both small and big game from Wyoming and settled here the... Introduced by Hornady in 2007, the.308Â performs better 270 vs 308 for elk heavier bullets than the.308 has around foot... 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