Kinship act as a watchdog of social life. paper by . Family relations can be represented concretely (mother, brother, grandfather) or abstractly by … Feeding of the baby symbolized new life growth. A cursory review of the literature suggests that the concept of traditional counseling is rooted in traditional … At its most basic levels, according to the Sociology Group, kinship refers to: This trend sometimes means that nuclear families are growing farther from their kinship networks. In traditional African society, men guarded the home and the cattle, or went to war. Aboriginal kinship ties, values, beliefs, identity and language are maintained by the family. The primary focus and essential foundation of African society are social groups. I believe this rapidly changing landscape is part of why my 2012 blog-post Anthropology, Sex, Gender, Sexuality: Gender is a Social Construction has been one of the most popular posts I’ve ever written. All societies use kinship as a basis for forming social groups and for classifying people. A world of spirits (good & bad) in all 3. Kinship can also refer to a principle by which individuals or groups of individuals are organized into social groups, roles, categories and genealogy by means of kinship terminologies. Mrs. ANELE 51 . Although many sociologists and anthropologists have attempted to provide definitions of marriage, none of them has been satisfactorily and sufficiently general enough to encompass all its various manifestations. View More Christian Religious Education Questions and Answers | Return to Questions Index. What are the traditional ways of worshipping God? Although kinship relations have grown weaker—especially in the cities—they continue to serve this function. The kinship system was important in the traditional African society because of the following fac to rs. Saying prayers/words of blessings for the mother and baby signifies long life. Members of a kinship group felt strong loyalty to each other. What are the factors contributing to harmony and mutual responsibility in African communities? Discuss the traditional ways of worshipping God. However, there is a great amount of variability in kinship rules and patterns around the … Importance of Kinship in Rural Society: It is important to study kinship, as it helps in sociological and anthropological theory building. •In many societies, unilineal descent groups assume important corporate functions such as land ownership, political representation and mutual aid and support. Comparing the . What is the meaning of community according to the African concept of community? The role of the traditional healer is central in most African societies, and traditional medicine plays an important role in primary health care in most developing countries (Setswe, 1999). Kinship is thus brought with it a set of obligations that one had to perform when relating to others. This weakness in kinship relationships reinforced the importance of relationships between siblings and support from friends (Mann, 2002). In postindustrial societies, it is possible to argue that fictive kinship ties have taken on increased importance. Kinship is often based on relationships of descent in which kin groups define themselves as descendants of shared ancestors. It involves a set of social obligations and expectations that ensures that no one faces tragedy alone. Kinship is important to a person and a community's well-being. The modern study of kinship can be traced back to mid-19th-century interests in comparative legal institutions and philology. Kinship and marriage are closely linked in several ways. The traditional African understanding and the interpretation of Christianity have deep roots in these fundamental beliefs of the African traditional religions. People are not allow to marry within their lineages, or for the Reasons why initiation was important in the African Traditional Society Initiates gain new status in life/he/she moves from childhood to adulthood. A clan's or kinship group's history was passed through the griots. Give the relevance of Elijah's prophetic mission to Christians today. Why is kinship important in African traditional society? Kinship is important to a person and a community's well-being. Kinship, system of social organization based on real or putative family ties. This difficulty in generalization bone of diversity was already apparent to many early scholars of the African traditional family. American birth rights are usually decided bilineally, using both parents (ii) Marriage leads to procreation and passing on the gift of life from one generation to another. There is high rate of infant mortality in traditional African societies. Most lineage groups in sub-Saharan Africa, in contrast, favor marriage outside the group. Marriage. This preview shows page 241 - 244 out of 810 pages. The good of the group comes ahead of the good of the individual. As a result, kinship is not limited strictly to lineage. Traditionally the Aboriginal family was a collaboration of clans composed of mothers, fathers, uncles, aunties, sisters, brothers, cousins and so … It determines family line relationships i.e. In this respect, North African and sub-Saharan societies differ widely. Contrasting Cultures . Anthropologists call this relationship the avunculate, and in African cultures it may require the uncle to give his best cattle to his nephew or to accept teasing from the nephew. All Rights Reserved | Home | About Us | Contact Us | Copyright | Terms Of Use | Privacy Policy | Advertise. Date posted: August 26, 2017. of Kinship in . These and other anthropologists held that the importance of kinship in “primitive” societies largely resided in its role as an organizational framework for production and group decision making. For example, African kinfolk may support women and children while their husbands are away, perhaps by helping paying school fees or other expenses. Implications for service providers when working with Aboriginal families. Africa has the world's oldest record of human technological achievement: the oldest stone tools in the world have been found in eastern Africa, and later evidence for tool production by our hominin ancestors has been found across Sub-Saharan Africa. The forms we find in Africa are not unique to Africa, but they are an important part of African social organization. Marriage and kinship are also linked by customs governing the transfer of property between and within kin groups. In certain cultures men traditionally go to live with their mothers' brothers, while women move to their husbands' villages. Among the Bemba people of ZAMBIA, mothers own the fields and pass them on to their daughters. Patrilineal descent is common among pastoral societies. Be the first to answer! (i) Marriage leads to expansion of the kinship ties. In southern Africa, where the avunculate is common, a boy's uncle on his mother's side may be called his “male mother” in recognition of this special link. There is no award you receive for being the best family member but if you are from any part of Nigeria and you don't have ‘family' there, you will feel very odd and out of place. Traditional counseling involves a broad perspective that enhances learning for transformation and integration of sociocultural values that are peculiar to each human society. In kinship groups, decisions were often made by a council of the eldest members. What are the types of spirits according to the African concept of spirits? Significance of a kinship? Changes in the contemporary African society African society has been undergoing a process of profound changes affecting all aspects of its traditional life (Kisembo, 1998, p. 208, Vahakangas, 2004, p.43, O’Donovan, 2000, p. 40). Early anthropologists assumed kinship was of paramount importance. Give the role of spirits according to the African concept of spirits. What is the meaning of life and its wholeness in the traditional society? The kinship system is a feature of Aboriginal social organisation and family relationships across Central Australia. What is the responsibility of the living towards spirits? This is a gift from the groom or his family to the bride's family, often in livestock but sometimes in money or other forms of wealth. Importance of kinship is observed on the occasion of marriage and family functions. Date posted: August 29, 2017. In societies without welfare services provided by a central government, kinship provides a “safety net” for individuals—orphans, widows, the elderly, the disabled, and divorced women— who lack an immediate household to care for them. (iv) It promotes mutual love and companionship between a man and woman. (8mks) b) State the roles of diviners in Traditional African Societies. Societies with matrilineal social organization are not necessarily ruled by women. Kinship is the web of relationships woven by family and marriage . All land is owned by the group. KINSHIP SYSTEM IN AFRICAN COMMUNITIES. Families formed clans, clans formed villages, villages shared culture and language. But bilateral kin groups do exist among some African peoples who live on hunting and gathering. Social and geographic mobility, soaring divorce rates, and nontraditional family forms have produced social networks based more on voluntary ties than on traditional bonds of blood and marriage. This essay will briefly explore traditional African family patterns explaining the concept of kinship in Africa, the differences and similarities between patrilineal and matrilineal families systems. Strong feeling of loyalty to the group. In one type of descent group—the lineage—all members know, or believe they know, their exact relationships to one another. Marriage. The kinship system regulated people’s behavior towards each other. (See also Family, Marriage Systems. Traditional African Religion ANIMISM 1. This essay will briefly explore traditional African family patterns explaining the concept of kinship in Africa, the differences and similarities between patrilineal and matrilineal families systems. If a person's sister shares a name with another woman, the !Kung consider them sisters. Significance. Belief in magic, charms, and fetishes. Comparing the . Importance . These social groups are birth and marriage based. Kinship sets guidelines for communication and interactions among people. The Spirit of Ancestors in African Traditional Religion How the spirits of ancestors can be a blessing or harmful and The Power and importance of ancestors in African traditional society Ancestors in African Traditional religion are very important in that they were once alive and now they are in the spirit and they do not die again. (8mks) b) State the roles of diviners in Traditional African Societies. Members recognize that they are all part of the group but do not know how they are related to each other. Kinship was held as being so important in traditional societies that when interactions had to occur between unrelated individuals, rituals, such as the Calumet of the Plains tribes, were followed that converted those strangers into metaphorical kin (Wood 1980; Bruner 1961). West Africans believed their departed ancestors watched over them. In the late 19th century, however, the cross-cultural comparison of kinship institutions became In modern Africa social and economic changes have begun to loosen the ties of traditional kinship, especially in the cities. •Unilineal kinship institutions occur at over twice the incidence of cognatic ones among the world's cultures. Because the men generally remain in the community, they have greater authority. 6. In postindustrial societies, it is possible to argue that fictive kinship ties have taken on increased importance. This belief, just as in the case of the previous one, has a theological basis – the plurality of divinities ( polytheism ). The traditional African understanding and the interpretation of Christianity have deep roots in these fundamental beliefs of the African traditional religions. Explain the importance of kinship in West African cultures. Traditional counselling is a growing area of interest in African contemporary society, especially amongst members of the counselling profession. A brother might also be expected to support his sister's children or to participate in the rituals that mark the stages of their lives. Slaughtering … At a basic level, kinship is important in anthropology because kinship is important to people. 4. Rights, obligations, and inheritance are split between the two groups. If a person was born to farmers, they would be farmers, etc. Everybody has kinship in one form or another. Although these traditional forms of family and kinship are lessening in importance, with the continuing need for urban and industrialized labor and the consequent increase in labor migration, the strength of kin groups remains great. Answers. Importance of Kinship: The kinship system maintains unity, harmony, and cooperation among relationships. A connection among people by blood, marriage, or adoption. 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